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Chinese influence, loan-collection practices reasons for India’s crackdown on lending apps

In meetings with fintech associations on Tuesday, officials from the IT Ministry and influential think tank Niti Aayog offered broader explanations about the decision. The IT Ministry is concerned about the historic or current presence of Chinese investors on the cap tables of some lending apps in India, the officials said, according to a source familiar with the matter. Another concern is the reports of cybercrimes that are linked to China. The officials said the Ministry of Home Affairs has received reports of cybercrimes where Chinese firms have access to some Indian lending apps through APIs, which they are using to store Indian consumers’ data outside of the country, the source said. India’s Enforcement Directorate, the country’s anti-money laundering force, has identified criminal proceeds of over $255 million, the Ministry of Finance said Tuesday in a statement. “Illegal” loan apps were used to generate and acquire laundered capital, it added. The ban – which seeks to crackdown on over 232 apps, more than half of which offer gambling and betting services – was initially understood to only impact Chinese players. But the crackdown on PayU’s LazyPay, fintech Kissht, Indiabulls Home Loans left the industry scrambling to find their own compliances efforts. The list also includes third-party versions of Ola’s Avail Finance, KreditBee, TrueBalance and MPokket. The officials said on Tuesday that some apps are also getting impacted because of their sketchy loan-collection practices and customer services, according to the source, addressing a longstanding pain point of Indian consumers. India has blocked over 350 apps with links to China in recent years amid clashes at the border that escalated tensions between the neighbor nations. New Delhi banned Tencent’s Xriver, Garena’s Free Fire, NetEase’s Onmyoji Arena and Astracraft and 50 more apps with apparent links to China early last year. The Indian government also banned dozens of apps including ByteDance’s TikTok, Xiaomi’s Community and Video Call apps and Alibaba Group’s UC Browser and UC News in mid-2020. New Delhi has never publicly said that it’s taking actions on apps from any particular country. Chinese influence, loan-collection practices reasons for India’s crackdown on lending apps by Manish Singh originally published on TechCrunch


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